Saturday, May 12, 2018

Saturday, May 12, 2018 ~

El Carabobeo - History of Carabobo

Carabobo is one of the 23 states, along with the capital district and federal dependencies, forming the Republic of Venezuela. Its capital is Valencia. It is located in the center-north of the country, in the central region. It borders to the north with the sad Gulf (Caribbean Sea, the Atlantic Ocean), to the east with the Aragua, to the south with Cojedes and Guárico, and to the west with the Yaracuy. With the 4650 km ² is the third most extensive of the country no-Vargas and Nueva Esparta before, the most extensive, with 2,322,222 inhabitants in the year 2011, the population of the third largest behind Zulia and Miranda-and by 713 inhabitants/km2, the most densely 1 population.

This is the one that registered economic growth, urban real estate and the largest and fastest in the country. It has 14 autonomous municipalities and 38 civil parishes. Its main cities are: Valencia, Puerto Cabello, Tocuyito, Guacara, MARIAA, Dejuma, Morón, San Joaquin and Güigüe.

The place name El Carabobeo

There are several versions on the name of Carabobo. One of them refers to the sound that comes from the Arawaco: Karau means that Savannah and Bo mean water. Bo repeated acts as a superlative, is, a lot of water or current. So, Carabobo, means savanna of water or savanna of ravines. Marielvis Guilarte

History El Carabobeo

was pre-Columbian
The indigenous cultural epicenter of the most advanced in the region currently located in Venezuela is located around Lake Valencia. In this historical phase some of the petroglyphs preserved in various parts of the country and the remains of a group of ceramics are preserved. Those in the region involved in hunting and fishing, but it was also invented and certain types of agriculture.

At present in the region of Valencia there are evidences of human presence since the 4th millennium BC. In other regions of the state of Carabobo (such as the environment) were found traces that indicate the presence of an older man.

El Carabobeo History of Carabobo
El Carabobeo History of Carabobo
Archaeologists know of any significant settlement around the lake that occurs between the second and the first millennium. A group of humans is already in control of agriculture.

At the end of the first millennium, the Orinoco migration, perhaps through the PAO, began to reach this area. 2 3 from 800 A.D. began to combine groups from the Orinoco, with a population already there. The merger produces what is called the cultural valencioid. The villagers built their houses on mounds of artificial land located in the fertile valley to the east and west of the lake. They generate a large amount of anthropomorphic ceramics.

European colonization

Villegas was founded in what will be the city of the west coast of Borburata in 1548 Carabobo. The Indian region presented and distributed per package from 1547. At the beginning of 1551, the council wrote to the king of Spain  "that all of the Government of India are distributed. "

In the year 1555 the Captain Vicente Diaz, the citizens of Borburata decided to found new Valencia of the king in the region of the central Plains, is still debated among the historians of the exact date. This is done because it is a region that is favorable to the development of cattle, and by the constant attacks of Corsairs received in Borburata. In the same year, on April 17, the Raiders of France invaded Borburata for 6 days, causing more and more of its people to decide to stay in Valencia. During this period, dairy products form the livelihood of the Valencian, which has a richness of importance thanks to the seductive activity.

From the year 1558 to 1628 will take place the struggle between the colonizers and the Nirguas and the Jirajaras, who lived to the west of what today is called the Carabobo. 7

On September 7, 1561, the Basque co-driver Lope de Aguirre and Maranon of Peru landed in Borburata from Margarita. After conquering the inhabitants after a brief visit he went to Valencia. The people of the village fled to the islands in Lake Valencia, the reason why Aguirre decides to proceed to Nirgua Barquisimeto, where he will be killed.

In 1564: Carousel United Kingdom headed by John Hawkins to sell its goods to the settler Borburata. The main part of the charge is the contingent of 400 African slaves it captured on the coast of Guinea and Senegal. The authorities ordered to block the sale with high taxes, but finally gave up when Hawkins threatened to destroy the city. 8

In the year 1200, the valencioid culture has spread to the entire valley of Lake Valencia, along the beach and central of several islands in the Caribbean. From the islands of the ocean are exporting products such as Sea queen Conch (Strombus gigas), salt, turtles and reef fish to the lake through intermediaries in coastal cities.

After the arrival of the Europeans in the region they met Guaiqueríes and Taramainas population, among other ethnic groups. 5 and they use the same language or at least understood by the native island of Margarita.

Thus, in the area of Lake Valencia, native to the Western tradition, sowing maize, cassava, but also on the Oriental tradition. From this period have been preserved, to grind maize and sprouts for the preparation of cassava from cassava.

In the area of Borburata, on the coast of India, there are people who work in the extraction of salt. The land Jirajaras Nirgua the Indians in what is now the borders between Yaracuy and Carabobo, go to the lake and from there through the mountains of the beach to Borburata to get 6 as salt.

In 1566: Pirates attacked Borburata Low.

In 1567: The French pirates commanded by Nicolas Vallier invaded Borburata and cause their depopulation.

In 1568: John Hawkins once again forced the residents of Borburata to buy their goods from the African slaves.

In May 1569, the conquistador Pedro malaver de Silva arrived at the port of Borburata with about 400 settlers and their families in one of the last expeditions that sought El Dorado. They came in the first place of Extremadura. The majority of these settlers left it between the Borburata and Valencia of the king and decided to settle in the region. Maaver continues his journey with a hundred soldiers between the Andes and the plains. 9

In 1577 and 1583 the region of Valencia suffered a Caribbean tribe of the Orinoco banks. The Spanish Army, commanded by García González, rejects and persecutes them.

The 17th century
In 1624, a native of the northern part of Lake Valencia founded the city of Guacara.

In this century, the United Kingdom and the Pirates attack France continues. Among the most important attacks suffered by the regions is the following:

En 1659: Pirate Myngs UK Fire Cumaná, Puerto Cabello, and Coro.
In 1677: Valencia was fired by the Pirates, France that burned the city hall, destroying many important documents. 10
At the beginning of 1694, Governor Francisco Berroterán Silva's decided to declare the Guacara, the Coolos and San Diego as "doctrine" or peoples of India.

The population of the Indians of the Coolos, Guacara and San Diego continued to grow and in 1710 they rose to the range of  "villages ", which shows the penetration of the non-indigenous population (mestizos and Spain).

The coastal zone is very overwhelmed with the territories under the control of the Netherlands and the United Kingdom. The Government of Spain decided to give the company the real monopoly of the Gipuzkoan trade in Puerto Cabello in exchange for doing tasks of infrastructure and administration that can hardly be realized.

The Gipuzkoan companies began the construction of what would become the port of Puerto Cabello in 1730 and the palaces and fortresses of San Felipe Solano. In the subsequent decades there were many rebellions to this monopoly.

Based in the coastal regions (Morón), and Yaracuy, the slave Andrés López del Rosario (known as Andresote) leads between 1730 and 1733 1 of rebellion to continue the traffic with the Netherlands Antilles.

In 1743 a squadron of the United Kingdom commanded by the Admiral Charles Knowles besieged La Guaira and Puerto Cabello, harassing its people with the promise to deliver the creoles of the monopolistic companies, showed an effect of animosity.

The nineteenth century
The scientists of Germany Alexander von Humboldt explored the area on their journeys across South America in the year 1800. Enter the northern area of Lake Valencia, visit Valencia and Puerto Cabello and make a complete description of the region's flora, fauna, geology and society. At that time Valencia has 6,000 to 7,000 inhabitants. 11

In 1804 the real philanthropic expedition of the vaccine arrives at Puerto Cabello, under the direction of Francisco Javier Balsamo. Some of the prisoners of the Francisco de Miranda expedition that fails, most Americans, was hanged in Puerto Cabello's main square on July 21, 1806.

The Province of Carabobo
On June 24, 1824, the provinces of Carabobo were established in the province of Caracas, both of which are part of the Department of Venezuela in Gran Colombia. The province said that the canton formed by Valencia (capital), Puerto Cabello, Ocumare, San Carlos, Nirgua, PAO, San Felipe, Tocuyo, Quibor, Barquisimeto and Yaritagua, Charon,.

In 1829, a popular assembly held in Valencia that decides the separation of Venezuela from the department must have been from Gran Colombia, ignorance of the authority of Simón Bolívar and José Antonio Páez as  "Head of upper state of Rapture "

On May 6, 1830, the Congress of Valencia is held, where the independence of Venezuela of Gran Colombia is announced and the capital of the Valencian Republic is proclaimed.